Report by Professor Richard Douglas, MD, FRACS, FRACP, Department of Surgery, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
The inaugural World Congress of the Society for Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) of the Nose and Airway (SCONA) was held on 22 April as a pre-event meeting, in conjunction with ERS London. International experts in rhinology and engineering from over 20 countries met for a one-day programme featuring 35 presentations.
Faculty and Speakers (left to right, top to bottom): Ismael Rodriguez, Prof Dennis Frank-Ito, Prof Joerg Lindemann, Fabian Sommer, Narinder Singh, Prof Neil Tolley, Prof De Yun Wang, Graham O’Neill, Prof Klaus Vogt, Prof Walter Koch, Andreas Lintermann, Jochen Schachenreiter, Prof Guilherme Garcia, Evangelos Tseros, Prof S K Chung, Prof David Wootton, Prof Enrique Sanmiguel Rojas, Prof Manuel Burgos, Kiao Inthavong, Jose Luis Cercos-Pita
In the past, computer modelling of airflow was only available to government and corporate aerodynamic engineering labs, such as Formula 1 race teams and multinational aircraft manufacturers. Recent advances have put this technology into the hands of ENT surgeons, clinicians and researchers.
The conference began by showcasing the engineering fundamentals used to create computer simulation of nasal airflow. This was followed by the clinical of use of CFD in studies of nasal airflow, septal deviation, inferior turbinate surgery, septal perforation, sinusitis, the nasal valve, the trachea, OSA and CPAP and nasal drug delivery.
Highlights of the meeting included video animations created at the Barcelona Supercomputing Centre, work on nasal and tracheal airflow by the team at Imperial College, London, new insights into temperature regulation and septal perforation from Ulm, Germany, fascinating studies of nasal drug delivery and particle deposition, unique methods of correlating CFD results with patient symptoms, novel experiments revealing airflow within the sinuses, and CFD software designed specifically for ENT surgeons from multiple academic centres in Spain.
SCONA 2019 will be held in conjunction with Rhinoworld in Chicago, USA in June, 2019. Please visit the website for updates: www.scona.org