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Evaluating the nose

Objective evaluation of the nose before and after rhinoplasty is not standard. The authors adapted the MiRa scale after translation to French to be validated. For a better practical approach, the translation was conceptual rather than literal and followed five...


Thyroidectomy and hypnosis

This is a retrospective study comparing thyroidectomy under conventional general anaesthesia and surgery under hypnosis. Patients are interviewed and evaluated before the surgery and the process explained. During the surgery, they are induced into a hypnotic trance in a controlled...


The septum and breathing

The authors compared the improvement in nasal obstructive symptoms in two groups of patients. One group underwent septoplasty alone and the other septoplasty accompanied with compensatory turbinoplasty. They used the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) [12] and visual analog scale...