You searched for "3D"

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The utilisation of three-dimensional printed models in skull base surgery

As technology improves, there are new ways to assist with surgeons when it comes to training and preparing for surgery. Barbara Anne Thomson and Georgios Kontorinis highlight how 3D printing can help with the understanding and surgical planning for complex...

Virtual human speaker

The aim of the discussed study was to develop and evaluate a 3D virtual speaker that could use pre-recorded audio-material and possibly be used for audio-visual speech testing in the future. The authors developed the terminal-analogue method that allows to...

Are vascular loops at the CPA of any clinical significance?

Neurotologists have grappled with this question for many years. The aim of the study was to determine the clinical relationship of vertigo symptoms with vascular loop compression syndrome using 3D T2WI turbo spin echo high-resolution MRI. The study included 417...

Navient Cranial 2 released

Navient utilises the latest technologies in surgical navigation systems and brings simplicity, accuracy and affordability to the cranial & ENT navigation system.

Another paper advocating resection templates

Resection in the head and neck region leads to complex defects with significant impairment in function. Reconstruction is even more difficult and to improve the accuracy of both resection and reconstruction a number of aids are used. With the improved...

Salt in surgical simulation

Cheap, easily accessible and realistic methods of reproducing surgery through simulation are the ideal. Here a group from Tokyo, Japan report on a method of producing 3D printed skulls and mandibles to use for simulated surgery. A high resolution CT...

CAD/CAM assisted mandibular reconstruction or freestyle?

The gold standard for the reconstruction of the mandible is a free bone flap and the fibula is commonly used. The fibula is a straight bone and presents considerations and difficulties in the formation of a U-shaped neo-mandible. Computer aided...

Facial Landmark localisation by curvature maps and profile analysis

The detection of three dimensional (3D) landmarks by scanning surfaces is a well established method in medical science. Anatomical landmarks are visually or palpably detectable and act as reference points for clinical measurements. When measuring these landmarks with a sliding...

Assessment of temporal bone skills on 3D-printed temporal bones – a useful training curriculum?

The authors contend it is now archaic to follow Halstead’s model of surgical training, namely ‘see one, do one and teach one’. Simulated training is now widely used in many surgical specialities. With every surgical trainee having an individual learning...

Atlas of the Facial Nerve and Related Structures

Although we all know the course of the facial nerve is pretty complex, I was surprised that a whole book and 104 pages had been dedicated to describing it. However, on reading through the book, it is apparent that although...

The evolution and advancements in radiological imaging of the sinuses

Computed tomography (CT) imaging is crucial in the planning of any endoscopic sinus operation; we hear from one of the pioneers of CT scanning who worked with Stammberger and Messerklinger in developing many of the technologies that we now take...

How to safely image patients with cochlear implants

Cochlear implants have quickly become a widely used aid for hearing-impaired people. As these implants include metal elements, the choice of an appropriate imaging modality for patients carrying such devices should receive special attention. This is important due to image...