You searched for "botulinum toxin"

9 results found

Botulinum toxin in ENT

This comprehensive review neatly summarises non-cosmetic uses of botulinum toxin within otorhinolaryngology, it is perhaps easy to forget the medical use of botulinum toxin has now been approved for the last thirty years. Its overall safety profile places it as...

Botulinum toxin injection in spasmodic dysphonia

Spasmodic dysphonia is a rare neurological voice disorder, which is often missed by the inexperienced ear. There is no laboratory test or investigation to diagnose this condition therefore, it is best diagnosed by listening to the patient’s voice. Laryngeal endoscopy...

Techniques of Botulinum Toxin Injections in the Head and Neck

The foreword begins with a saying by George Bernard Shaw, “all great truths begin as blasphemies”. This certainly was the case with medical application of Botox initially, however, botulinum toxin now has an accepted role and is widely used in...

The use of botulinum toxin A to reverse paralysis of the lower lip

The aim of this retrospective case series was to examine the role of botulinum toxin A in paediatric patients with paralysis of the lower lip. Depressor or elevator muscles of the lip (unaffected side) were injected with varying doses of...

Botulinum toxin and drooling – how much, how often and where?

This was an incredibly useful article covering all aspects of the use of botulinum toxin as a treatment modality in sialorrhoea. The article starts by outlining why treating sialorrhoea is important and describes the non-pharmacological and pharmacological options, highlighting that...

Botulinum toxin injection for bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis

All traditional surgical treatments for bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) paralysis are essentially a balance between maximising airway patency and ensuring adequate phonation / airway protection. This paper highlights the potential role of botulinum toxin (Botox) injection into the cricothyroid...