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Active smoking predicts poor outcome in HPV positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma

Tobacco smoking is a well-known risk factor in human papilloma virus (HPV)-negative head and neck squamous cell cancer. Its effects include increased risk of treatment failure, distant metastases and reduced overall survival. HPV has been increasingly implicated as a causative...

55th South African ENT Congress - Incorporating SORSSA

Report by: Nic Goncalves, ENT Registrar, University of Cape Town. The 55th annual South African ENT congress was a great success. The congress was held at the Coastlands Hotel and Convention Center in Umhlanga, Durban. The event was organised by...

Gardasil vaccination as an adjuvant treatment for established recurrent laryngeal papillomatosis in male adults - does it stimulate an immune response?

Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is well known to be caused by infection with the human papilloma virus (types 6 and 11). Recurrence after surgical removal is common and potentially frequent and severe. Previous research has established that many patients with...

10th Winter Days of Laryngology

Report By: Richard Townsley, Consultant Head and Neck Surgeon, University Hospital Crosshouse, Kilmarnock, UK Amidst the picturesque surroundings of the Swiss Alps, Laryngologists from across Europe and the world met for the 10th Winter Days of Laryngology meeting. A meeting...

What is Transnasal Humidified Rapid-Insufflation Ventilatory Exchange (THRIVE)?

THRIVE is a physiological mechanism for oxygenating and ventilating patients who are under general anaesthesia and who have diminished or absent respiratory effort [1]. Classical ventilation requires bulk flow of gases into and out of the lungs driven by chest...

AAO-HNSF (American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery) 2019

Report by: Mona Mozaffari, ST4 ENT registrar and MRC Clinical Training Research Fellow, Oxford Deanery Having visited New Orleans as a fresh-faced backpacker not long after the devastation of Hurricane Katrina 13 years ago, I was eager to revisit this...

Role of interventional neuroradiology in otorhinolarygological pathology 
– a brief review

Introduction Since its advent in 1964 when Dotter percutaneously dilated a stenosed femoral artery [1], interventional radiology has undergone tremendous advancement in both imaging and devices that have enabled the operator (interventional radiologist) to access very distal small vasculature and...

Laryngology: Otorhinolaryngology – head and neck surgery series

A comprehensive and up to date textbook covering both conventional and contemporary topics in laryngology, written by authors of international repute, within 345 pages. The 39 chapters are divided into eight sections working through basic knowledge, clinical assessment and diagnostics,...

How do you solve a problem like Dysphagia?

When a patient is referred to a speech and language therapist for the management of swallowing difficulties, multiple options are available to address these issues. The choice is based on a detailed assessment of the patient’s swallowing physiology and function....

Voice therapy is an effective treatment for presbyphonia

The quality of an individual’s voice often declines with age. This deterioration occurs firstly as a result of vocal fold atrophy secondary to histologic alteration of the vocal fold mucosa as well as atrophy of the laryngeal musculature. Phonatory efficiency...

What can we tell about swallow physiology from a bedside clinical assessment?

Knowledge about swallowing physiology has greatly increased with the use of instrumental assessments such as videofluoroscopy (VFS). The authors of this paper performed an analysis of data obtained from 60 stroke patients who were assessed via a clinical swallow examination...

Spasmodic dysphonia – is greater awareness needed?

Spasmodic dysphonia (SD) is a focal dystonia of the laryngeal musculature. Previously considered to be a rare disorder, it has more recently been suggested that SD is in fact not rare but is frequently misdiagnosed or undiagnosed. This paper would...