You searched for "reconstruction"

890 results found

Submental island flap to reconstruct the lower lip

The lips are necessary for oral competence, cosmesis, speech and feeding. Non-melanoma cancers can affect the lips, and the lower lips are about 80% more likely to be affected. A large number of these cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. Treatment...

Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery – Clinical Reference Guide

This book is an excellent pocket guide encompassing a wide range of facial plastic and reconstructive surgery. It is formatted in a very similar way to the well-known Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery by Pasha. The book is organised...

Endoscopic excision of cholesteatoma

In this article Vikranth Visvanathan describes an exciting development on the use of endoscopic technology in complex otological practice. Transcanal endoscopic ear surgery (TEES) is rapidly evolving as a recognised method of addressing middle ear and mastoid pathology. Since its...

Use of angular vessels in head and neck free-tissue transfer – a comprehensive preclinical evaluation

Free tissue transfer (FTT) has transformed the capabilities in head and neck reconstruction. Rotational and pedicled flaps are limited by the pedicle length, the type of tissue required and the size of the defect. FTT helps lessen the impact of...

Another paper advocating resection templates

Resection in the head and neck region leads to complex defects with significant impairment in function. Reconstruction is even more difficult and to improve the accuracy of both resection and reconstruction a number of aids are used. With the improved...

Is there time for intraoperative scans?

Intraoperative imaging plays an integral role in orthopaedic surgery during the repair of long-bone fracture. Given the complexity of the facial skeleton, intraoperative imaging has the potential for similar benefits in reconstructive surgery. The objectives of the study were to...

Microvascular free flap failures – looking beyond surgical technique

Microvascular free flaps are commonly used in reconstruction for head and neck defects. Failures of these flaps, however, are associated with a significant morbidity and mortality. Flap failures within the first 72 hours are commonly attributed to technical failure of...

Pedicle calcification – an uncommon problem

This paper from Germany describes an uncommon phenomenon of pedicle calcification in three cases. In patients from two centres that had fibula free flap reconstruction from January 2010 to January 2016, 68 cases had pedicle calcification and three cases were...

Nasolabial flap to reconstruct periorbital defects

The authors present a series of 25, mainly geriatric patients that had ablative surgery with complex defects in the paranasal and orbital regions. The paranasal and periorbital regions are extremely important for facial aesthetics and quality of life. The authors...

The role of the maxillo-facial surgeon in the management of skull base malignancy

Whilst ablative surgery remains the principal treatment option for head and neck malignancy, the skull base is the last frontier. The complex anatomy, supreme functionality of the brain, and varied pathology provokes many a detailed discussion in the multidisciplinary team...

Risks of tracheostomy in head and neck cancer

Tracheostomy is associated with several complications, with rates quoted as high as 8-45%, including: bleeding; displacement; obstruction; surgical emphysema; pneumothorax; fistulae and failure to decannulate. There are now many studies that confirm the increased length of stay and complications of...

Silent sinus syndrome: which approach offers the best outcome?

Silent sinus syndrome (SSS) is a rare condition with patients presenting as spontaneous, painless enophthalmos, hypoglobus, orbital asymmetry, and maxillary sinus collapse on the ipsilateral side. The orbital resorption occurs secondary to negative pressure created in the maxillary sinus by...