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815 results found

Acute peripheral vestibulopathy: is it really neuritis?

The pathophysiology of acute vestibular dysfunction has been debated for decades. By seeking to clarify the underlying aetiology, this study muddies the waters further by advocating systemic and intratympanic steroids as first line treatment if the aetiology is uncertain. The...

Diagnosing persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD)

The authors, part of an influential committee of experts of the Bárány Society, proposed this consensus document after reviewing 30 years of research on phobic postural vertigo, space-motion discomfort, visual vertigo, and chronic subjective dizziness. They also reviewed interesting historical...

Role of fine needle aspiration cytology in the management of thyroid neoplasm

Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a useful procedure in the assessment of thyroid swellings. This retrospective study was done at King Abdul-Aziz University hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh. The objectives of this study were: to determine the cytological pattern...

A multidisciplinary approach to the management of the adult balance - dizzy patient

Richard Gans and Kimberly Rutherford, renowned experts from The American Institute of Balance, give their team’s overview of the stages involved in reaching ‘diagnosis based strategies’. For the dizzy patient, this focuses on patient-centred clinical pathways for individualised therapy with...

Outpatient solution for a Patulous tube?

Definitive diagnosis and management of Patulous Eustachian tube (PET) is unsatisfactory. Several different treatment methods are currently used for PET which itself indicates no satisfactory solution. The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of two different treatment...

Is clinical HIT as good as vHIT in the emergency room?

Establishing the cause of acute vestibular syndrome (AVS) is critical in the first few hours of presentation in the emergency department. The first question to ask is, “is it due to a peripheral vestibular pathology or a stroke?” This is...

Aids to Voice Diagnostics

Voice related complaints are common presentations in the ENT clinic and a thorough knowledge of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology is paramount in dealing with the complexities of voice disorders. With the advent of digital technological advances, most ENT units will...

PolyDiagnost - the ideal endoscopic solution

PolyDiagnost offers a toolbox containing optics of various resolutions and diameters, matching handpieces, and working/ irrigation shafts.

Cochlear implantation in Tanzania: the journey and the outcomes

It is estimated that over 400 million people worldwide live with disabling hearing loss, 39.9 million of whom live in sub-Saharan Africa [1]. This article by Dr Aveline Kahinga and Mr Ali Jaffer demonstrates the effort that has been made...

Using cVEMPs to distinguish between vestibular migraine and from Ménière’s

Vestibular migraine (VM) and Ménière’s disease (MD) could overlap or mimic each other. Since the use of cVEMPs became routine, attempts have been made by researchers to explore its clinical utility in these two conditions. In this prospective study, the...

Imaging tinnitus

Tinnitus is a common sensation with a reported prevalence of 7-32%. The British National Study of Hearing recorded that 10% of adults suffered from prolong spontaneous tinnitus, and approximately a quarter of these are subsequently referred to hospital for investigation...

Branchio Oto Renal syndrome

Branchio Oto Renal Syndrome (BOR) is an autosomal dominant disorder with branchial, otologic and renal manifestations. The presence of clinical signs varies among and within affected families. Three causative genes for BOR syndrome have been reported thus far: EYA1, SIX1...