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Plunging new depths for the treatment of ranulas

Within our scope of practice, we encounter a number of salivary gland pathologies, including the sublingual gland. Clinical signs are often subtle, and even with meticulous surgical management, morbidity can easily occur. Textbooks advocate excision of the gland as the...

Salivary pepsin – a simple test for LPR?

A diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) can be made on the basis of characteristic symptoms and nasendoscopy findings. Objective tests exist for this condition; for example, 24-hour dual-channel pH-metry which is considered to be the gold standard. Such tests are,...

An objective office-based method for diagnosing allergic rhinitis

There are several signs of allergic rhinitis which, helped with skin prick and blood tests, can diagnose the problem. However, an endoscopic, on-the-spot test may surmount clinical uncertainties and invasive testing to acquire the same goal. In this study, the...

SCC of pinna – which histological features could predict prognosis?

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the pinna is reported to have a higher rate of metastasis than cutaneous SCC originating from elsewhere - up to 16% compared with less than 2% for the latter. The authors aimed to assess...

Streamlining ENT pathways

Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) may present with severe extra-gastrointestinal symptoms – including a persistent cough, vocal problems, asthma or difficulty swallowing – that can be incorrectly attributed to ENT problems because patients and GPs alike assume they stem from colds, allergies or over-using the voice.

Assessing post-extubation dysphagia on the intensive care unit

The incidence of post-extubation dysphagia (PED) is reported to be about 12% in the general ICU population and around 18% in patients admitted to ICU as emergencies. PED was found to be an independent predictor of 28-day and 90-day mortality....

Risk factors for loco regional recurrence for oral SCC

Over 250,000 cases of oral squamous cell carcinomas are diagnosed annually worldwide with 128,000 registered deaths. The authors of this study are from a single institution in Germany and have conducted a retrospective audit of 517 patients with oral SCC...

Semi dynamic reconstruction of the lower lip

The main goal of reconstructive surgery for facial paralysis is the restoration of smiling and function of eye closure. The deformity of the lower lip in paralysis is ptosis of the corner of the mouth, eversion of the vermillion and...

Preoperative imaging for thyroid cancer according to 2015 ATA guidelines

The 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) management guidelines for adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer suggest that thyroid sonography with survey of the cervical lymph nodes should be performed in all patients with known or suspected thyroid...

Anterior skull-base surgery: current opinion

This review examines the changes in the field of anterior skull-base surgery and the rapid advancement that has taken place in the last 10–15 years. Tumours of the anterior skull base that were once considered inoperable are now routinely resected...

Surgical outcomes of myringoplasty using platelet-rich plasma

Tympanic membrane (TM) perforations can affect people’s quality of life due to recurrent infections. Management is often by surgical repair. In this study, the authors investigated the outcomes of a minimally invasive approach of patch myringoplasty using an atelocollagen sponge...

Ramifications of the pandemic on acute paediatric mastoiditis: a national UK audit

Acute mastoiditis is a common presentation in the paediatric population across ENT services worldwide. An initial expectation of a rise in the numbers of acute mastoiditis associated with the initial findings of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) virus presence in middle ear in...