You searched for "perforation"

2517 results found

Transtympanic plugging for chronic patulous eustachian tube

The authors developed a silicone plug (Kobayashi plug) to manage severe intractable patulous eustachian tube dysfunction (PET). This retrospective study investigates ET function after Kobayashi plug surgery, based on postoperative tympanic membrane (TM) findings and active opening (AO) of the...

Stimulation for a good night’s sleep

This article was an interesting read. It is an update from the authors’ original paper printed in the NEJM in 2014 regarding the results of an implantable pulse generator (IPG) for stimulating the hypoglossal nerve in response to respiration. This...

A new flap for the perinasal region

Perinasal defects are most commonly caused by tumour extirpation or trauma. There are a number of methods to reconstruct the defect, and the method chosen depends on the size of the defect and other patient considerations. When the defect is...

Complications associated with intra-tympanic steroid injections for sudden sensorineural hearing loss

Around 15,000 people in the UK experience a sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) each year, and in the majority of cases the cause is unknown. Treatment options for idiopathic SSNHL include various modalities of steroid treatments which have known limitations...

Argon plasma coagulation for epistaxis in HHT

In this study from the Czech Republic, the authors looked at the effectiveness of argon plasma coagulation (a non-contact form of monopolar electrocoagulation) in treating recurrent epistaxis in patients with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). The advantage of argon plasma coagulation...

Be sober to stay on your feet

Readers would either have had a personal experience or observed the inelegant gait of the inebriated. Re-aligning the body during postural perturbations involves changes in head position, shoulders, and hip, knee and ankle joints. The main hypothesis of this study...

The vestibular system is not immune to chronic otitis media

It is well recognised that chronic otitis media (COM) is a risk factor for sensorineural hearing loss. Studies on the effect of COM on vestibular function have been beset by design biases. The authors designed a case control study to...

House of Hearing is Scotland’s first private audiology clinic to be registered with HIS

House of Hearing is delighted to be the first private audiology clinic in Scotland to be registered with Healthcare Improvement Scotland (HIS) for its ENT-led ear wax removal service in Edinburgh.

Digital otoscopy with AI diagnostic support: making diagnosis of ear disease more accessible

Following Carolina Leal’s interview with Prof De Wet Swanepoel on the HearScope system, Spotlight on Innovation asked Dr Jenny Nesgaard Pedersen to review the new AI feature in HearScope system’s capabilities. In the last decade, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine...

Prognostic factors for myringoplasty

This retrospective study looked at the factors that were associated with a higher success rate for tympanic membrane perforation closure. The authors looked at 247 procedures. They compared the results of temporalis fascia versus tragal cartilage. The cartilage grafts had...

A novel graft material for endoscopic tympanoplasty using the pre-tragal SMAS layer

The traditional biological graft materials for providing a scaffold for tympanic membrane reconstruction include temporalis fascia as well as conchal and tragal perichondrium/cartilage. This group from Taiwan present a novel graft option using the superficial musculo-aponeurotic system (SMAS) layer. They...

Maxillofacial and neck surgery in Iraq and Afghanistan

Introduction Over the past 150 years, military personnel wounded in action had a survival rate of approximately 80% [1]. During the current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, those servicemen wounded in action have a 90.4% survival rate [2]. During the...