This study compares musical skills of children with typical language development with those of children with specific language impairment. Both groups received a test consisting of a melody and a song identification along with a test battery to assess receptive and productive language abilities. The study found that children with specific language impairment (SLI) besides having impaired non-linguistic functions, also had impaired processing of musical stimuli and syntax compared to age matched children with typical language development. This indicates that children with SLI may also have poorer music perception skills. In view of their findings, the authors recommend including simultaneous language and music stimulation in the rehabilitation programmes of children with SLI.