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Awake transnasal laryngeal and pharyngeal biopsy in the unsedated patient

In an attempt to improve the efficiency and flow of patients through a busy ENT clinic, technology now allows the ENT surgeon to consider biopsies in the outpatient setting on a more regular and controlled basis. This can avoid the...

Retrograde cricopharyngeal dysfunction (RCPD) - inability to burp: treatment with Botox injection

As unusual as it may sound, some people have great difficulty burping. We hear of one approach to tackling this problem. Retrograde cricopharyngeal dysfunction (RCPD) is a condition presenting with inability to burp, resulting in gaseous distension of the digestive...

What is Transnasal Humidified Rapid-Insufflation Ventilatory Exchange (THRIVE)?

THRIVE is a physiological mechanism for oxygenating and ventilating patients who are under general anaesthesia and who have diminished or absent respiratory effort [1]. Classical ventilation requires bulk flow of gases into and out of the lungs driven by chest...

Management of benign oesophageal strictures

Benign strictures of the upper oesophagus and pharynx, while not very common, can be a challenging condition to successfully manage. The authors of this article provide us with a detailed description of their technique for using the CO2 laser, balloon...

Choosing instrumental assessments of swallowing for children

Swallowing disorders in children are increasingly common due to advances in medical care allowing them to survive prematurity or complex health conditions. Careful assessment of eating and drinking is necessary to ensure that children are managed both safely and with...

History of photography in otorhinolaryngology in the 19th Century

In this final article of the History of ENT edition, João Clode introduces us to the history of medical photography in the 19th century, giving us some fascinating early examples of otorhinolaryngology photographs. Medical photography – the early years The...

Combination PPI and intralesional steroid treatment for recurrent laryngeal granuloma

The existence of a wide range of treatments for recurrent laryngeal granulomas (repeat surgery, high-dose proton pump inhibitor (PPIs), surgery with botulinum toxin injection, botulinum toxin injection alone, etc) is a testament to the refractory nature of this condition, with...

Neurological complications associated with managing degenerative cervical myelopathy

Degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) is a common neuropathologic status due to degenerative changes to the cervical spine. There are multiple operative techniques available, including anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, anterior cervical corpectomy, laminoplasty, laminectomy and laminectomy with fusion. C5 palsy...

Audiometric outcomes following endoscopic stapes surgery

Adding to the evidence base for endoscopic stapes surgery, this systematic review and analysis of outcomes sought to establish the efficacy and safety of this approach. This review included 14 studies with a pooled sample of 314 adult patients. The...

Introducing the single-use rhinolaryngoscope that can improve workflow

Ambu® aScope™ 4 RhinoLaryngo is a new, single-use flexible endoscope. It can be taken wherever needed in the hospital or clinic. The solution includes the compact, high resolution aView™ monitor, which is intuitive to use and fits easily into...

Guidelines on COVID-19 published by Asia Pacific Laryngology Association (APLA)

Due to a vast geographical spread with diverse socio-economic conditions in the Asia Pacific countries, APLA Founding Chair, Vasant Oswal, President, David Lau, and Secretary, Vyas Prasad decided to publish guidelines on COVID-19 in the form of an ‘International Consensus',...

Thyroidectomy patient survey regarding voice outcomes

One of the common adverse effects following thyroid surgery is a change in voice, which may be related to iatrogenic injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve or superior laryngeal nerve during surgery or by direct cancer involvement. The burden of...