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Sinonasal Complications of Dental Disease and Treatment: Prevention - Diagnosis - Management

As otorhinolaryngologists, we are trained to examine the computed tomography (CT) scans of all patients with maxillary chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) for potential dental disease. The mainstay of managing this is generally limited to referring the patient to their dentist or...

Is Gamma Knife Surgery effective for intracanalicular vestibular schwannomas?

Vestibular schwannomas (VSs) are rare, occurring in approximately five per 100,000 adults a year. In circa 8% of cases, the VS is contained within the internal auditory canal, i.e. intracanalicular (iVS). Although radiosurgery is a recognised treatment modality for VSs,...

Laser for active mucosal chronic otitis media

Active mucosal chronic otitis media (COM) is a condition characterised by otorrhoea secondary to chronic inflammation of the middle ear and mastoid mucosa associated with granulations and a tympanic membrane perforation. Surgical intervention is often required, but concurrent mastoidectomy with...

Superior semicircular canal dehiscence: transmastoid obliteration

Sometimes patients with dizziness turn out to have slightly more unusual causes of their problem. Thomas Milner and Georgios Kontorinis describe their technique for managing patients who have a diagnosis of superior canal dehiscence as an identified cause of their...

Booklet-based supervised vs. non-supervised vestibular rehabilitation

There are conflicting results in the literature about home-based vestibular rehabilitation training (VRT) as opposed to physiotherapist-led training. A randomised controlled trial was designed to interrogate this further. The primary aim was to assess “the effects of a booklet-based exercise...

Triple semicircular canal occlusion and Meniere’s disease: a rising alternative treatment?

Patients with dizziness form a large part of the workload for ENT surgeons. In the overwhelming majority of cases, management will be medical and successful. However, occasionally some patients present a challenge when they have not responded to conventional treatments....

Detecting postoperative cholesteatoma with diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging

Middle ear cleft cholesteatoma is an inflammatory disease that erodes local bony structures and can cause otorrhea, hearing loss, vertigo and intracranial complications. It is usually treated with surgery, typically canal wall up (CWU) or canal wall down (CWD) surgery....

Intratympanic treatments for subjective idiopathic tinnitus

Direct application of medication into the ear is long established, going back as far as written records. In the modern era, greater understanding of aural anatomy revealed that drugs instilled in the middle ear could potentially diffuse into the cochlea...

Vestibular rehabilitation therapy: diagnosis based strategies

In his second article on this topic (see here for the first article), Richard E Gans explains how to use vestibular rehabilitation therapy to treat vestibular patients, and demonstrates why this method of diagnosis based strategies has proved so successful....

Updates in The Diagnosis and Treatment of ENT Conditions: Scientific-Practical Conference

Report by: Lucia Gariuc, Nicolae Testemițanu State University of Medicine and Pharmacy, ENT Department. On 17 May 2019 the ENT conference with international participation – ‘Updates in the diagnosis and treatment of otorhinolaryngological diseases’ took place. The conference was organised...

Otology, Neurotology and Skull Base Surgery Book Review

This concise pocket-sized textbook aims to provide a practical reference that clinicians can use in every day otological and skull base practice. The senior author, Derald Brackmann, is one of the leading neurotologists of the modern era and, together with...

Steroid use in acute acoustic trauma

Acute acoustic trauma (AAT) injuries include noise-induced damage to inner and middle ear presenting as hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo. Classic presentation is sensorineural hearing loss with an intact tympanic membrane. The authors carried out a case-control study in military...